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Updated: 8 min 59 sec ago

Reducing gas flares, pollution from oil production

Wed, 08/17/2016 - 17:17
Last year, dozens of major oil companies and oil-producing nations agreed to end the routine flaring of natural gas from wells by 2030. This burning off of uncaptured methane in addition to simply letting it escape into the air -- a process called venting -- releases pollutants and the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere. Now researchers report a strategy that could help producers work toward this goal.

Many underestimate financial loss due to poor arithmetic

Wed, 08/17/2016 - 17:14
Anyone who has lost out on an investment in recent weeks -- from pension funds and stocks to the housing rental market and currency exchange -- may have lost more than they realize, according to new research.

Combating traffic congestion with advanced data analytics

Wed, 08/17/2016 - 13:12
Researchers are investigating how cell phone data could benefit traffic planning by carrying out a study to determine whether data from cell phone networks could offer a reliable source of information for traffic planning and an improvement over current data collection methods.

Genetically modified soil bacteria work as electrical wires

Tue, 08/16/2016 - 22:26
Scientists have genetically modified a common soil bacteria to create electrical wires that not only conduct electricity, but are thousands of times thinner than a human hair.

Data sharing should become routine for best reponse to public health emergencies

Tue, 08/16/2016 - 19:18
The recent outbreaks caused by Ebola and Zika viruses have highlighted the importance of medical and public health research in accelerating outbreak control and have prompted calls for researchers to share data rapidly and widely during public health emergencies. However, the routine practice of data sharing in scientific research, rather than reactive data sharing, will be needed to effectively prepare for future public health emergencies, according to researchers.

Data on taxi routes, points of interest may improve crime predictions

Tue, 08/16/2016 - 18:07
Data on how taxis travel through communities and on how people label points of interest on social media could help analysts and criminologists better understand neighborhood crime rates in a city, according to researchers.

An ancient Mayan Copernicus

Tue, 08/16/2016 - 17:40
Ancient hieroglyphic texts reveal Mayans made major discovery in math and astronomy, a researcher suggests. This study blends the study of Mayan hieroglyphics (epigraphy), archaeology and astronomy to present a new interpretation of the Venus Table, which tracks the observable phases of the second planet from the Sun.

Using the outside world to save on brainpower

Tue, 08/16/2016 - 17:40
Every day, we rely on our physical surroundings -- friends, gadgets, and even hand gestures -- to manage incoming information and retain it. Researchers now explain the myriad ways in which forms of assistance from gestures to GPS affect both what we know and what we think we know.

Probability data could better direct lymph node removal for thyroid cancer

Tue, 08/16/2016 - 15:15
Surgeons operating on patients with advanced thyroid cancer are often conflicted when deciding how many lymph nodes they should remove to reduce the patient’s risk of recurrence.

New maths to predict dangerous hospital epidemics

Tue, 08/16/2016 - 15:12
Mathematicians are now developing completely new statistical calculations on the world’s fastest computers in order to be able to predict how epidemics of dangerous hospital bacteria spread.

Researchers resolve a problem that has been holding back a technological revolution

Tue, 08/16/2016 - 15:10
Researchers have cleared that obstacle by developing a new way to purify carbon nanotubes -- the smaller, nimbler semiconductors that are expected to replace silicon within computer chips and a wide array of electronics.

Cognitive offloading: How the Internet is increasingly taking over human memory

Tue, 08/16/2016 - 12:50
Our increasing reliance on the Internet and the ease of access to the vast resource available online is affecting our thought processes for problem solving, recall and learning. In a new article, researchers have found that 'cognitive offloading', or the tendency to rely on things like the Internet as an aide-mémoire, increases after each use.

Researchers map Netflix's content delivery network for the first time

Tue, 08/16/2016 - 12:50
Scientists have revealed the network infrastructure used by Netflix for its content delivery, by mimicking the film request process from all over the world and analyzing the responses.

Computers trounce pathologists in predicting lung cancer type, severity, researchers find

Tue, 08/16/2016 - 12:47
Computers can be trained to be more accurate than pathologists in assessing slides of lung cancer tissues, according to a new study. The researchers found that a machine-learning approach to identifying critical disease-related features accurately differentiated between two types of lung cancers and predicted patient survival times better than the standard approach of pathologists classifying tumors by grade and stage.

Automating genetic analysis helps keep up with rapid discovery of new diseases, study finds

Mon, 08/15/2016 - 18:19
Researchers are devising ways to have computers help perform some of the intensive genetic analysis now performed manually when scientists study a patient's genome to diagnose a disease.

Computer programming made easier

Mon, 08/15/2016 - 17:49
In order to simplify program development, a recent project is developing technology that provides human operators with automated assistance. By removing the need for would-be programmers to learn esoteric programming languages, the method has the potential to significantly expand the number of people engaged in programming in a variety of disciplines, from personalized education to robotics.

Don't scan so close to me: Sting's musical brain scanned

Mon, 08/15/2016 - 17:48
What does the 1960s Beatles hit 'Girl' have in common with Astor Piazolla's evocative tango composition 'Libertango'? Probably not much, to the casual listener. But in the mind of one famously eclectic singer-songwriter, the two songs are highly similar. That's one of the surprising findings of an unusual neuroscience study based on brain scans of the musician Sting.

Gaming camera could aid MS treatment

Mon, 08/15/2016 - 17:48
A commonly used device found in living rooms around the world could be a cheap and effective means of evaluating the walking difficulties of multiple sclerosis patients. The Microsoft Kinect is a 3-D depth-sensing camera used in interactive video activities such as tennis and dancing. It can be hooked up to an Xbox gaming console or a Windows computer.

Computer scientists reveal history of third-party web tracking

Mon, 08/15/2016 - 15:14
Researchers have presented the first-ever comprehensive analysis of third-party web tracking across three decades and a new tool, TrackingExcavator, which they developed to extract and analyze tracking behaviors on a given web page. They saw a four-fold increase in third-party tracking on top sites from 1996 to 2016, and mapped the growing complexity of trackers stretching back decades.

New material discovery allows study of elusive Weyl fermion

Mon, 08/15/2016 - 15:14
Researchers have discovered a new type of Weyl semimetal, a material that opens the way for further study of Weyl fermions, a type of massless elementary particle hypothesized by high-energy particle theory and potentially useful for creating high-speed electronic circuits and quantum computers.